HOUSTON and LONDON, July 29, 2016 /PRNewswire/ —
Second Quarter 2016 Highlights
Comparisons with the prior quarter and second quarter 2015 are available in the following table:
LyondellBasell Industries (NYSE: LYB) today announced earnings from continuing operations for the second quarter 2016 of $1.1 billion, or $2.56 per share. Second quarter 2016 EBITDA was $1.8 billion. The quarter included a $68 million non-cash, pre-tax benefit for the impact of a lower of cost or market (LCM) inventory adjustment ($47 million after-tax benefit). Excluding the LCM adjustment, earnings from continuing operations during the second quarter totaled $1.0 billion, or $2.45 per share and EBITDA was $1.7 billion.
“Excluding the first quarter gain from the Petroken business sale and the impact of maintenance activities, overall second quarter results were similar to the first quarter. Balance across our business portfolio enabled us to generate earnings in excess of $1 billion and earnings per share of $2.56. Industry trends generally developed as we anticipated resulting in continued strong polyolefin performance and seasonally stronger fuel margins. However, due to an April upset at our refinery, the benefits of higher fuel margins were only seen in our Oxyfuels business,” said Bob Patel, LyondellBasell’s CEO.
“During the third quarter, chemical and polyolefin markets thus far have generally been well balanced with trends similar to the second quarter. However, refining and oxyfuel margins have declined. Within our system, refinery repairs have been completed, and the Corpus Christi ethylene plant expansion is expected to be completed by the end of the third quarter. During the second half of the year our plant maintenance schedule continues to be significant with turnarounds at additional O&P and I&D facilities. Although our inventory and scheduling efforts will only partially mitigate the production impact during this heavy planned maintenance period, we look forward to the continuing returns from these investments in long-term reliability,” Patel said.
LYONDELLBASELL BUSINESS RESULTS DISCUSSION BY REPORTING SEGMENT
LyondellBasell manages operations through five operating segments: 1) Olefins & Polyolefins – Americas; 2) Olefins & Polyolefins – Europe, Asia and International (EAI); 3) Intermediates & Derivatives; 4) Refining; and 5) Technology.
The following comments and analysis represent underlying business activity and are exclusive of LCM inventory adjustments.
Olefins & Polyolefins – Americas (O&P-Americas) – The primary products of this segment include ethylene and its co-products (propylene, butadiene and benzene), polyethylene, polypropylene and Catalloy process resins.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended March 31, 2016 – EBITDA decreased $124 million for the second quarter 2016 versus the first quarter 2016. First quarter 2016 results included a $57 million gain on the sale of the Petroken polypropylene business. Results declined by $67 million exclusive of the Petroken gain. Compared to the prior period, underlying olefin results were relatively unchanged as margins increased while customer and internal derivative maintenance resulted in reduced ethylene volumes. Combined polyolefin results continued to be strong despite declining by approximately $60 million. Polyethylene sales volumes declined by 8% due to plant maintenance. Polyethylene spreads increased by approximately 1 cent per pound. Polypropylene spreads declined by approximately 2 cents per pound and volumes were down 5% primarily due to the first quarter sale of Petroken. Joint venture equity income declined by $2 million.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended June 30, 2015 – EBITDA decreased $239 million versus the second quarter 2015, excluding an unfavorable $21 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of the LCM inventory adjustments. Olefin results drove the decline as quarterly EBITDA decreased approximately $280 million versus the prior year primarily due to lower ethylene margin. Combined polyolefin results increased approximately $30 million versus the prior year period. Polyethylene results declined due to maintenance while margins were relatively unchanged. Polypropylene benefitted from a spread improvement of approximately 10 cents per pound and volumes were lower in 2016 due to the first quarter Petroken sale. Joint venture equity income improved by $12 million consistent with strong polypropylene margins.
Olefins & Polyolefins – Europe, Asia, International (O&P-EAI) – The primary products of this segment include ethylene and its co-products (propylene and butadiene), polyethylene, polypropylene, global polypropylene compounds, Catalloy process resins and Polybutene-1 resins.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended March 31, 2016 – EBITDA decreased by $13 million versus the first quarter 2016, excluding a favorable $80 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of LCM inventory adjustments. First quarter 2016 results included a $21 million gain on the sale of the Petroken polypropylene compounding business. Exclusive of the Petroken sale, results were relatively unchanged. Olefin results decreased approximately $30 million on relatively unchanged volumes. Combined polyolefin results were steady. Polypropylene compounds and polybutene-1 results increased by approximately $10MM. Equity income from joint ventures increased by $27 million consistent with strong polypropylene margins.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended June 30, 2015 – EBITDA increased by $44 million versus the second quarter 2015, excluding a favorable $40 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of LCM inventory adjustments. Olefin results declined by approximately $60 million due to a 2 cent per pound decrease in margin combined with reduced volumes related to planned maintenance at our Berre, France facility. Combined polyolefin results increased approximately $65 million as spreads for polyethylene improved by approximately 1 cent per pound while polypropylene spreads improved by approximately 4 cents per pound. Combined polyolefin volumes increased by approximately 4%. Polypropylene compounds and polybutene-1 results improved by approximately $10 million. Equity income from joint ventures increased by $17 million.
Intermediates & Derivatives (I&D) – The primary products of this segment include propylene oxide (PO) and its co-products (styrene monomer, tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA), isobutylene and tertiary butyl hydroperoxide), and derivatives (propylene glycol, propylene glycol ethers and butanediol); acetyls (including methanol), ethylene oxide and its derivatives, and oxyfuels.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended March 31, 2016 – EBITDA increased $15 million versus the first quarter 2016, excluding a favorable $56 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of LCM adjustments related to inventory. Results for PO and PO derivatives declined by approximately $20 million partially due to product sales mix. Intermediate chemicals results improved by approximately $10 million, primarily due to an approximately 4 cents per pound improvement in styrene margin. This increase was partially offset by lower methanol margins. Oxyfuels improved approximately $30 million consistent with seasonal margin improvements. Equity income from joint ventures was relatively unchanged.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended June 30, 2015 – EBITDA decreased $114 million versus the second quarter 2015, excluding a favorable $45 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of LCM inventory adjustments. Results for PO and PO derivatives were relatively unchanged. Intermediate chemicals results declined by approximately $45 million primarily due to reduced methanol margins and lower EO/EG results partially offset by higher styrene sales volumes. Oxyfuels results decreased approximately $55 million relative to a very strong second quarter 2015. Equity income from joint ventures decreased by $2 million.
Refining – The primary products of this segment include gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, jet fuel, and petrochemical raw materials.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended March 31, 2016 – EBITDA decreased $27 million versus the first quarter 2016. The Houston refinery operated at 183,000 barrels per day primarily due to the refinery fire. The Maya 2-1-1 industry benchmark crack spread increased by $3.21 per barrel, averaging $21.07 per barrel. Despite the improved industry crack spreads, spreads at the Houston Refinery did not improve due to operational limitations.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended June 30, 2015 – EBITDA decreased $167 million versus the second quarter 2015, excluding an unfavorable $5 million quarter to quarter variance as a result of LCM inventory adjustments. Second quarter 2016 throughput was down by 72,000 barrels per day from the prior year period due to the refinery fire and subsequent downtime for repairs. The Maya 2-1-1 industry benchmark crack spread decreased by $2.91 per barrel.
Technology Segment – The principal products of the Technology segment include polyolefin catalysts and production process technology licenses and related services.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended March 31, 2016 – EBITDA decreased by $10 million due to lower licensing revenue.
Three months ended June 30, 2016 versus three months ended June 30, 2015 – EBITDA increased by $16 million due to improved catalyst and licensing results.
Capital Spending and Cash Balances
Capital expenditures, including growth projects, maintenance turnarounds, catalyst and information technology-related expenditures, were $563 million during the second quarter 2016. Our cash and liquid investment balance was $2.5 billion at June 30, 2016. We repurchased 8.8 million ordinary shares during the second quarter 2016. There were 419 million common shares outstanding as of June 30, 2016. The company paid dividends of $362 million during the second quarter of 2016.
LyondellBasell will host a conference call July 29 at 11 a.m. EDT. Participants on the call will include Chief Executive Officer Bob Patel, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Thomas Aebischer and Vice President of Investor Relations Doug Pike.
The toll-free dial-in number in the U.S. is 888-677-1826. A complete listing of toll-free numbers by country is available at www.lyb.com/teleconference for international callers. The pass code for all numbers is 6934553.
The slides and webcast that accompany the call will be available at http://www.lyb.com/earnings.
A replay of the call will be available from 2 p.m. EDT July 29 until August 29 at 12:59 a.m. EDT. The replay dial-in numbers are 866-453-2318 (U.S.) and +1 203-369-1226 (international). The pass code for each is 72916.
LyondellBasell (NYSE: LYB) is one of the world’s largest plastics, chemical and refining companies and a member of the S&P 500. LyondellBasell (www.lyb.com) manufactures products at 57 sites in 18 countries. LyondellBasell products and technologies are used to make items that improve the quality of life for people around the world including packaging, electronics, automotive parts, home furnishings, construction materials and biofuels.
The statements in this release and the related teleconference relating to matters that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions of management which are believed to be reasonable at the time made and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially based on factors including, but not limited to, the business cyclicality of the chemical, polymers and refining industries; the availability, cost and price volatility of raw materials and utilities, particularly the cost of oil, natural gas, and associated natural gas liquids; competitive product and pricing pressures; labor conditions; our ability to attract and retain key personnel; operating interruptions (including leaks, explosions, fires, weather-related incidents, mechanical failure, unscheduled downtime, supplier disruptions, labor shortages, strikes, work stoppages or other labor difficulties, transportation interruptions, spills and releases and other environmental risks); the supply/demand balances for our and our joint ventures’ products, and the related effects of industry production capacities and operating rates; our ability to achieve expected cost savings and other synergies; our ability to successfully execute projects and growth strategies; legal and environmental proceedings; tax rulings, consequences or proceedings; technological developments, and our ability to develop new products and process technologies; potential governmental regulatory actions; political unrest and terrorist acts; risks and uncertainties posed by international operations, including foreign currency fluctuations; and our ability to comply with debt covenants and service our debt. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in the “Risk Factors” section of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, which can be found at www.lyb.com on the Investor Relations page and on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov.
INFORMATION RELATED TO FINANCIAL MEASURES
This release makes reference to certain “non-GAAP” financial measures as defined in Regulation G of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The non-GAAP measures we have presented include income from continuing operations excluding LCM, diluted earnings per share excluding LCM, EBITDA and EBITDA excluding LCM. LCM stands for “lower of cost or market,” which is an accounting rule consistent with GAAP related to the valuation of inventory. Our inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) inventory valuation methodology, which means that the most recently incurred costs are charged to cost of sales and inventories are valued at the earliest acquisition costs. Market is determined based on an assessment of the current estimated replacement cost and selling price of the inventory. In periods where the market price of our inventory declines substantially, cost values of inventory may be higher than the market value, which results in us writing down the value of inventory to market value in accordance with the LCM rule, consistent with GAAP. This adjustment is related to our use of LIFO accounting and the recent decline in pricing for many of our raw material and finished goods inventories. We report our financial results in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, but believe that certain non-GAAP financial measures, such as EBITDA and earnings and EBITDA excluding LCM, provide useful supplemental information to investors regarding the underlying business trends and performance of the company’s ongoing operations and are useful for period-over-period comparisons of such operations. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.
EBITDA, as presented herein, may not be comparable to a similarly titled measure reported by other companies due to differences in the way the measure is calculated. We calculate EBITDA as income from continuing operations plus interest expense (net), provision for (benefit from) income taxes, and depreciation & amortization. EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to profit or operating profit for any period as an indicator of our performance, or as an alternative to operating cash flows as a measure of our liquidity. We have also presented financial information herein exclusive of adjustments for LCM.
Quantitative reconciliations of EBITDA to net income, the most comparable GAAP measure, are provided in Table 8 at the end of this release.
OTHER FINANCIAL MEASURE PRESENTATION NOTES
This release contains time sensitive information that is accurate only as of the time hereof. Information contained in this release is unaudited and subject to change. LyondellBasell undertakes no obligation to update the information presented herein except to the extent required by law.